31 January, 2009

Uncle Putin explains the world - DAVOS SPEECH TRANSSCRIPT 2009

The World is Facing the First Truly Global Economic Crisis

by Vladimir Putin

January 29, 2009 - World Economic Forum

Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.s speech at the opening ceremony of the World Economic Forum Davos, Switzerland January 28, 2009

Good afternoon, colleagues, ladies and gentlemen,

I would like to thank the forum.s organizers for this opportunity to share my thoughts on global economic developments and to share our plans and proposals.

The world is now facing the first truly global economic crisis, which is continuing to develop at an unprecedented pace.

The current situation is often compared to the Great Depression of the late 1920s and the early 1930s. True, there are some similarities. However, there are also some basic differences. The crisis has affected everyone at this time of globalization. Regardless of their political or economic system, all nations have found themselves in the same boat.

There is a certain concept, called the perfect storm, which denotes a situation when Nature.s forces converge in one point of the ocean and increase their destructive potential many times over. It appears that the present-day crisis resembles such a perfect storm.

Responsible and knowledgeable people must prepare for it. Nevertheless, it always flares up unexpectedly.

The current situation is no exception either. Although the crisis was simply hanging in the air, the majority strove to get their share of the pie, be it one dollar or a billion, and did not want to notice the rising wave.

In the last few months, virtually every speech on this subject started with criticism of the United States. But I will do nothing of the kind.

I just want to remind you that, just a year ago, American delegates speaking from this rostrum emphasised the US economy.s fundamental stability and its cloudless prospects. Today, investment banks, the pride of Wall Street, have virtually ceased to exist. In just 12 months, they have posted losses exceeding the profits they made in the last 25 years. This example alone reflects the real situation better than any criticism.

The time for enlightenment has come. We must calmly, and without gloating, assess the root causes of this situation and try to peek into the future.

In our opinion, the crisis was brought about by a combination of several factors.

The existing financial system has failed. Substandard regulation has contributed to the crisis, failing to duly heed tremendous risks. Add to this colossal disproportions that have accumulated over the last few years. This primarily concerns disproportions between the scale of financial operations and the fundamental value of assets, as well as those between the increased burden on international loans and the sources of their collateral.

The entire economic growth system, where one regional centre prints money without respite and consumes material wealth, while another regional centre manufactures inexpensive goods and saves money printed by other governments, has suffered a major setback.

I would like to add that this system has left entire regions, including Europe, on the outskirts of global economic processes and has prevented them from adopting key economic and financial decisions. Moreover, generated prosperity was distributed extremely unevenly among various population strata. This applies to differences between social strata in certain countries, including highly developed ones. And it equally applies to gaps between countries and regions. A considerable share of the world.s population still cannot afford comfortable housing, education and quality health care. Even a global recovery posted in the last few years has failed to radically change this situation. And, finally, this crisis was brought about by excessive expectations. Corporate appetites with regard to constantly growing demand swelled unjustifiably. The race between stock market indices and capitalisation began to overshadow rising labour productivity and real-life corporate effectiveness.

Unfortunately, excessive expectations were not only typical of the business community. They set the pace for rapidly growing personal consumption standards, primarily in the industrial world. We must openly admit that such growth was not backed by a real potential. This amounted to unearned wealth, a loan that will have to be repaid by future generations.

This pyramid of expectations would have collapsed sooner or later. In fact, this is happening right before our eyes.

Esteemed colleagues,

One is sorely tempted to make simple and popular decisions in times of crisis. However, we could face far greater complications if we merely treat the symptoms of the disease.

Naturally, all national governments and business leaders must take resolute actions. Nevertheless, it is important to avoid making decisions, even in such force majeure circumstances, that we will regret in the future.

This is why I would first like to mention specific measures which should be avoided and which will not be implemented by Russia. We must not revert to isolationism and unrestrained economic egotism. The leaders of the world.s largest economies agreed during the November 2008 G20 summit not to create barriers hindering global trade and capital flows. Russia shares these principles. Although additional protectionism will prove inevitable during the crisis, all of us must display a sense of proportion. Excessive intervention in economic activity and blind faith in the state.s omnipotence is another possible mistake. True, the state.s increased role in times of crisis is a natural reaction to market setbacks. Instead of streamlining market mechanisms, some are tempted to expand state economic intervention to the greatest possible extent. The concentration of surplus assets in the hands of the state is a negative aspect of anti-crisis measures in virtually every nation. In the 20th century, the Soviet Union made the state.s role absolute. In the long run, this made the Soviet economy totally uncompetitive. This lesson cost us dearly. I am sure nobody wants to see it repeated. Nor should we turn a blind eye to the fact that the spirit of free enterprise, including the principle of personal responsibility of businesspeople, investors and shareholders for their decisions, is being eroded in the last few months. There is no reason to believe that we can achieve better results by shifting responsibility onto the state. And one more point: anti-crisis measures should not escalate into financial populism and a refusal to implement responsible macroeconomic policies. The unjustified swelling of the budgetary deficit and the accumulation of public debts are just as destructive as adventurous stock-jobbing.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Unfortunately, we have so far failed to comprehend the true scale of the ongoing crisis. But one thing is obvious: the extent of the recession and its scale will largely depend on specific high-precision measures, due to be charted by governments and business communities and on our coordinated and professional efforts. In our opinion, we must first atone for the past and open our cards, so to speak. This means we must assess the real situation and write off all hopeless debts and .bad. assets. True, this will be an extremely painful and unpleasant process. Far from everyone can accept such measures, fearing for their capitalisation, bonuses or reputation. However, we would .conserve. and prolong the crisis, unless we clean up our balance sheets. I believe financial authorities must work out the required mechanism for writing off debts that corresponds to today.s needs. Second. Apart from cleaning up our balance sheets, it is high time we got rid of virtual money, exaggerated reports and dubious ratings. We must not harbour any illusions while assessing the state of the global economy and the real corporate standing, even if such assessments are made by major auditors and analysts.

In effect, our proposal implies that the audit, accounting and ratings system reform must be based on a reversion to the fundamental asset value concept. In other words, assessments of each individual business must be based on its ability to generate added value, rather than on subjective concepts. In our opinion, the economy of the future must become an economy of real values. How to achieve this is not so clear-cut. Let us think about it together.

Third. Excessive dependence on a single reserve currency is dangerous for the global economy. Consequently, it would be sensible to encourage the objective process of creating several strong reserve currencies in the future. It is high time we launched a detailed discussion of methods to facilitate a smooth and irreversible switchover to the new model.

Fourth. Most nations convert their international reserves into foreign currencies and must therefore be convinced that they are reliable. Those issuing reserve and accounting currencies are objectively interested in their use by other states. This highlights mutual interests and interdependence. Consequently, it is important that reserve currency issuers must implement more open monetary policies. Moreover, these nations must pledge to abide by internationally recognised rules of macroeconomic and financial discipline. In our opinion, this demand is not excessive. At the same time, the global financial system is not the only element in need of reforms. We are facing a much broader range of problems. This means that a system based on cooperation between several major centres must replace the obsolete unipolar world concept. We must strengthen the system of global regulators based on international law and a system of multilateral agreements in order to prevent chaos and unpredictability in such a multipolar world. Consequently, it is very important that we reassess the role of leading international organisations and institutions.

I am convinced that we can build a more equitable and efficient global economic system. But it is impossible to create a detailed plan at this event today.

It is clear, however, that every nation must have guaranteed access to vital resources, new technology and development sources. What we need is guarantees that could minimise risks of recurring crises. Naturally, we must continue to discuss all these issues, including at the G20 meeting in London, which will take place in April.

Our decisions should match the present-day situation and heed the requirements of a new post-crisis world.

The global economy could face trite energy-resource shortages and the threat of thwarted future growth while overcoming the crisis. Three years ago, at a summit of the Group of Eight, we raised the issue of global energy security. We called for the shared responsibility of suppliers, consumers and transit countries. I think it is time to launch truly effective mechanisms ensuring such responsibility.

The only way to ensure truly global energy security is to form interdependence, including a swap of assets, without any discrimination or dual standards. It is such interdependence that generates real mutual responsibility.

Unfortunately, the existing Energy Charter has failed to become a working instrument able to regulate emerging problems.

I propose we start laying down a new international legal framework for energy security. Implementation of our initiative could play a political role comparable to the treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community. That is to say, consumers and producers would finally be bound into a real single energy partnership based on clear-cut legal foundations.

Every one of us realises that sharp and unpredictable fluctuations of energy prices are a colossal destabilising factor in the global economy. Today.s landslide fall of prices will lead to a growth in the consumption of resources.

On the one hand, investments in energy saving and alternative sources of energy will be curtailed. On the other, less money will be invested in oil production, which will result in its inevitable downturn. Which, in the final analysis, will escalate into another fit of uncontrolled price growth and a new crisis.

It is necessary to return to a balanced price based on an equilibrium between supply and demand, to strip pricing of a speculative element generated by many derivative financial instruments.

To guarantee the transit of energy resources remains a challenge. There are two ways of tackling it, and both must be used. The first is to go over to generally recognised market principles of fixing tariffs on transit services. They can be recorded in international legal documents. The second is to develop and diversify the routes of energy transportation. We have been working long and hard along these lines. In the past few years alone, we have implemented such projects as the Yamal-Europe and Blue Stream gas pipelines. Experience has proved their urgency and relevance. I am convinced that such projects as South Stream and North Stream are equally needed for Europe.s energy security. Their total estimated capacity is something like 85 billion cubic meters of gas a year. Gazprom, together with its partners . Shell, Mitsui and Mitsubishi . will soon launch capacities for liquefying and transporting natural gas produced in the Sakhalin area. And that is also Russia.s contribution to global energy security. We are developing the infrastructure of our oil pipelines. The first section of the Baltic Pipeline System (BPS) has already been completed. BPS-1 supplies up to 75 million tonnes of oil a year. It does this direct to consumers . via our ports on the Baltic Sea. Transit risks are completely eliminated in this way. Work is currently under way to design and build BPS-2 (its throughput capacity is 50 million tonnes of oil a year. We intend to build transport infrastructure in all directions. The first stage of the pipeline system Eastern Siberia . Pacific Ocean is in the final stage. Its terminal point will be a new oil port in Kozmina Bay and an oil refinery in the Vladivostok area. In the future a gas pipeline will be laid parallel to the oil pipeline, towards the Pacific and China. Addressing you here today, I cannot but mention the effects of the global crisis on the Russian economy. We have also been seriously affected.

However, unlike many other countries, we have accumulated large reserves. They expand our possibilities for confidently passing through the period of global instability.

The crisis has made the problems we had more evident. They concern the excessive emphasis on raw materials in exports and the economy in general and a weak financial market. The need to develop a number of fundamental market institutions, above all of a competitive environment, has become more acute.

We were aware of these problems and sought to address them gradually. The crisis is only making us move more actively towards the declared priorities, without changing the strategy itself, which is to effect a qualitative renewal of Russia in the next 10 to 12 years.

Our anti-crisis policy is aimed at supporting domestic demand, providing social guarantees for the population, and creating new jobs. Like many countries, we have reduced production taxes, leaving money in the economy. We have optimised state spending.

But, I repeat, along with measures of prompt response, we are also working to create a platform for post-crisis development.

We are convinced that those who will create attractive conditions for global investment already now and will be able to preserve and strengthen sources of strategically meaningful resources will become leaders of the restoration of the global economy.

This is why among our priorities we have the creation of a favourable business environment and development of competition; the establishment of a stable loan system resting on sufficient internal resources; and implementation of transport and other infrastructure projects.

Russia is already one of the major exporters of a number of food commodities. And our contribution to ensuring global food security will only increase.

We are also going to actively develop the innovation sectors of the economy. Above all, those in which Russia has a competitive edge . space, nuclear energy, aviation. In these areas, we are already actively establishing cooperative ties with other countries. A promising area for joint efforts could be the sphere of energy saving.

We see higher energy efficiency as one of the key factors for energy security and future development.

We will continue reforms in our energy industry. Adoption of a new system of internal pricing based on economically justified tariffs.

This is important, including for encouraging energy saving. We will continue our policy of openness to foreign investments.

I believe that the 21st century economy is an economy of people not of factories. The intellectual factor has become increasingly important in the economy. That is why we are planning to focus on providing additional opportunities for people to realise their potential.

We are already a highly educated nation. But we need for Russian citizens to obtain the highest quality and most up-to-date education, and such professional skills that will be widely in demand in today.s world. Therefore, we will be pro-active in promoting educational programmes in leading specialities.

We will expand student exchange programmes, arrange training for our students at the leading foreign colleges and universities and with the most advanced companies. We will also create such conditions that the best researchers and professors . regardless of their citizenship . will want to come and work in Russia.

History has given Russia a unique chance. Events urgently require that we reorganise our economy and update our social sphere. We do not intend to pass up this chance. Our country must emerge from the crisis renewed, stronger and more competitive.

Separately, I would like to comment on problems that go beyond the purely economic agenda, but nevertheless are very topical in present-day conditions. Unfortunately, we are increasingly hearing the argument that the build-up of military spending could solve today.s social and economic problems. The logic is simple enough. Additional military allocations create new jobs. At a glance, this sounds like a good way of fighting the crisis and unemployment. This policy might even be quite effective in the short term. But in the longer run, militarisation won.t solve the problem but will rather quell it temporarily. What it will do is squeeze huge financial and other resources from the economy instead of finding better and wiser uses for them.

My conviction is that reasonable restraint in military spending, especially coupled with efforts to enhance global stability and security, will certainly bring significant economic dividends. I hope that this viewpoint will eventually dominate globally. On our part, we are geared to intensive work on discussing further disarmament.

I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the economic crisis could aggravate the current negative trends in global politics. The world has lately come to face an unheard-of surge of violence and other aggressive actions, such as Georgia.s adventurous sortie in the Caucasus, recent terrorist attacks in India, and escalation of violence in Gaza Strip. Although not apparently linked directly, these developments still have common features.

First of all, I am referring to the existing international organisations. inability to provide any constructive solutions to regional conflicts, or any effective proposals for interethnic and interstate settlement. Multilateral political mechanisms have proved as ineffective as global financial and economic regulators. Frankly speaking, we all know that provoking military and political instability, regional and other conflicts is a helpful means of distracting the public from growing social and economic problems. Such attempts cannot be ruled out, unfortunately.

To prevent this scenario, we need to improve the system of international relations, making it more effective, safe and stable. There are a lot of important issues on the global agenda in which most countries have shared interests. These include anti-crisis policies, joint efforts to reform international financial institutions, to improve regulatory mechanisms, ensure energy security and mitigate the global food crisis, which is an extremely pressing issue today.

Russia is willing to contribute to dealing with international priority issues. We expect all our partners in Europe, Asia and America, including the new US administration, to show interest in further constructive cooperation in dealing with all these issues and more. We wish the new team success.

Ladies and gentlemen,

The international community is facing a host of extremely complicated problems, which might seem overpowering at times. But, a journey of thousand miles begins with a single step, as the proverb goes. We must seek foothold relying on the moral values that have ensured the progress of our civilisation. Integrity and hard work, responsibility and self-confidence will eventually lead us to success. We should not despair. This crisis can and must be fought, also by pooling our intellectual, moral and material resources.

This kind of consolidation of effort is impossible without mutual trust, not only between business operators, but primarily between nations.

Therefore, finding this mutual trust is a key goal we should concentrate on now.

Trust and solidarity are key to overcoming the current problems and avoiding more shocks, to reaching prosperity and welfare in this new century.

Thank you.

Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Saturday, January 31, 2009 0 comments links to this post

Capitalism Snuffs out the Age of Enlightenment's Candle

Capitalism Snuffs out the Age of Enlightenment's Candle

by John Kozy

Suppose Paul Krugman, or any other Nobel Prize winning economist, owned an automobile that intermittently broke down but could be made to run again by tinkering with the mechanism.

Suppose the breakdowns happened unexpectedly in places that not only caused Mr. Krugman but countless others inconvenience and hardship, as for instance, on a major highway during rush hour, perhaps even causing injurious or even deadly accidents. How many times would Mr. Krugman allow this to happen before coming to the conclusion that the vehicle, regardless of how often it underwent tinkering, would never be a reliable mode of transportation and that it should be consigned to a junk yard? Only Mr. Krugman knows the answer, but I suspect that it would not take too long. Neo-classical Anglo-American economics in all of its variations, which have come about by tinkering, is just such an unreliable economic vehicle. The breakdowns are so frequent that economists have even incorporated them into the theory by referring to them as one aspect of "the business cycle;" yet Western economists display an absolute unwillingness to abandon the theory. Try doing the same thing with automobiles by calling intermittent breakdowns one aspect of the breakdown cycle. How would people react if automobile manufacturers tried to sell cars that had built in breakdown cycles? Since 1789, there has, on average, been one economic crisis every 12 years in the United States. Assuming that the average useful life of an automobile is eight years, interpolating American economic crises to automobile breakdowns comes out to one breakdown every four months. Who would buy such a vehicle?

Of course, the problems with classical economics are well known. Criticisms of it emerged at its beginning. But criticisms of any theory are always of two kinds: criticisms of the paradigm's details and criticisms of the paradigm itself.

Internal criticisms give rise to the kinds of tinkering that result in those sects that economists euphemistically call schools. We have Misesians, Hayekians, and Keynesians, to name just a few, just as Christianity has Papists, Lutherans, and Calvinists, and Islam has Sunnis, Shi'a, and Sufists. And classical economics shares all of the attributes of a religious ideology. True believers have a predilection to pick and choose those aspects of a doctrine that are liked while ignoring those that aren't. Regardless of how devastating the criticism or the amount of evidence provided, true believers have a propensity to ignore it. Empirical verification of claims is never even possible. I know of not a single "law" of classical economics for which an empirical counterexample cannot be found. Skepticism and doubt are absent. Those clerics who take their flocks to remote places intermittently to await the Second Coming never return and say they were wrong when the predicted event fails to happen. Economists never admit to being wrong either. Yves Smith (http://www.rgemonitor.com/us-monitor/255066/why_so_little_self-recrimination_among_economists) cites a plethora of proximate causes for the lack of economists' self-recrimination; he apparently has never heard of final causes. The real reason for this lack of self-recrimination is that Classical economics is merely a religious-like ideology and economists who advocate it act exactly those clerics whose predictions of the Second Coming always fail. Classical economists dissociate themselves from those who adopt religious ideologies, claiming that the theory is founded on "natural law," a long discredited concept, and the use of mathematical models. Somehow, it never occurs to them that Bishop Ussher used a mathematical model when he calculated the date of the universe's creation to be 23 October 4004 BC (according to the proleptic Julian calendar) or that numerology consists entirely of mathematical models. So much for them! And when really pressed, economists fall back on the classic dodge, "it is certainly preferable to any of the other socio-economic models humanity has witnessed." Not only is that not obviously true, since the questions of preferable in what respect and to whom can be asked, very few alternatives have ever been tried, and many of the few that have have not been tried on national scales.


http://www.zcommunications.org/FCKFiles/image/may08zmoimages/Wuerker-Metrics-ZMag0508.gif

External criticisms are much more serious, however, yet classical economists treat them as entirely irrelevant. Here are just a few.

Classical economics is not a unified theory. It is a hodgepodge of sometimes inconsistent pieces on various economic topics about which nothing is known but much is believed. Numerous disputes about the nature of wealth and value and of wages exist, for instance. Classical economists are not of one mind on any of the doctrine's principal postulates. Read the posts on economistsview and count the number of times the words "believe" and "think" are used and compare those counts to the number of times the word "know" is used. Then count the number of disagreements you find between respected economists.

Classical economics does not encompass all economic activity. Classical economics promotes laissez faire, laissez-passer, but there is much economic activity that no classical economist has ever attempted to apply laissez faire, laissez-passer principles to. First, most of what we call criminal activity is economic in nature. Burglary, theft, pick-pocketing, shop lifting, fraud, prostitution, the manufacture and sale of illegal substances, loan sharking, all kinds of corruption including political, kidnapping, bribery, and many others are economic activities that no economist claims should be unregulated, unforbidden, and unpunished even when the techniques used are identical to those used by "legal" businesses. For instance, much criminal activity involves deception, yet deception in business practices is legalized as "puffery." There is no essential difference between businesses entering higher prices into their scanning computers than are posted on shelves and picking a person's pocket. A local television channel runs a feature regularly, called "Deal or Dud," on which products heavily advertised on television are tested. Most turn out to be duds. But what essential difference is there between selling a consumer a product that is a dud, and a consumer's buying a product with a check that is a dud? Yet the latter is illegal while the former is not.

Those who promote classical economics have never believed in it themselves. To paraphrase Emerson, "What they do speaks so loud that we cannot hear what they say." The economic community despises regulation but esteems favor and always has corrupted governments to get it. From the East India Company's charter to today's political lobbying, so-called laissez faire has always been carried out with governmental help. Just another example of ideological pick and choose!


http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_rGGNU7zffOM/SNkq64OPDlI/AAAAAAAAAhk/_xDjoqkuUrc/s400/politico+wuerker.jpg


Finally, classical economics has institutionalized immorality, corrupted governments and even religion itself, and most of all, it has reversed the course of human progress.

Classical economics is topsy-turvy; it has turned economics on its head. Until the middle of the seventeenth century (1651), the word 'economy' referred to household management. Since then, the word has come to mean management of the resources of a country. What brought about the change was the emergence of unified nation states in Europe, monarchial in government, and structured by classes—mainly aristocratic and peasant. Wealth and property were held by the former, and the latter were considered disposable livestock whose only function was to support and defend the state and the status quo. Until then, human progress was aimed at moralizing humanity, and the Seven Deadly Sins defined the human attributes that were to be discouraged and eliminated. The proper beneficiaries of human endeavor were thought to be human beings. Since then, the Seven Deadly Sins have been transformed into the Seven Economic Virtues, and the consequences for humanity have been horrific. Mercantilism initially became the dominant economic theory and its implementation was carried out by imperial conquest and exploitation, and Adam Smith's classical economics was introduced merely as a more efficient way of expanding national wealth. The successful adoption of classical economists can be attributed to him and John Locke and those self-seeking aristocrats who recognized the license to steal that it provided.

Both Locke and Smith lived in a class-structured monarchial England. Although they themselves were not aristocrats, they certainly were not commoners. Both had aristocratic benefactors. The first Earl of Shaftsbury, who became Lord Chancellor, became Locke's benefactor, and Locke became the secretary of a very powerful board. Adam Smith's patron was Lord Kames. Smith obtained a lucrative post as tutor to the young duke of Buccleuch. So although neither Locke nor Smith was an aristocrat, their close associates were and both benefited from and shared in the privileges of the aristocracy. Sociologists claim that people who have a similar location within a system of property relations develop other important similarities of thought, values, style, behavior, and politics. Since both Locke's and Smith's principal associations were with members of the aristocracy, they both acquired and attempted to preserve and perhaps further establishment values.

http://www.worldsocialism.org/video/capitalism_and_other_kids_stuff/capitalism_and_other_kids_stuff.jpg

Video – download

Although Locke has gained some standing as a philosopher while Smith has not (even though he was a professor of moral philosophy), Locke made a fundamental categorical mistake in his Second Treatise on Government which Thomas Jefferson was quick to notice. Locke named life, liberty, and property as natural rights. Even in Locke's England, society could at least try to protect the lives and liberty of even common people, but it could not attempt to protect their property since they had none. So Jefferson altered this list of natural rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Since, in most respects, only the English aristocracy held property, its protection became a protection of the status quo. And protection of establishment property even today is the fundamental reason for the distinction between those economic activities that are legitimate and those that aren't. That alone accounts for the difference between selling a consumer a product that is a dud, and a consumer's buying a product with a check that is a dud. The haves get to keep what they have while the have-nots get fleeced.

Smith, too, is an establishment philosopher. As Richard Reeb has pointed out in "An Historian on British History" (http://adamsmithslostlegacy.com/2008/12/historian-on-british-history.html),

"There were essentially two approaches that kings of the early modern nation states took toward the generation of national wealth. One supported acquisition of precious metals and hoarding them for national purposes ... Another view, favored in Britain, was that it was better to encourage merchants to build their fortunes with limited regulation, as a growing commerce funded government with minimal taxation. Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations provided the most powerful argument for the second view of national wealth. The British government was no less tempted to commandeer the resources of the country than the Spanish, but Smith made a compelling case for laissez-faire (let them do as they please) as far more productive than national missions to exploit natural resources the world over to enrich the government’s coffers. Smith’s famous "invisible hand" was not blind to the avarice of businessmen (quite the contrary) but rather saw them as more efficient producers than any government could ever be." Smith's goal was not only to preserve the establishment but to make its economic avarice and exploitation more efficient. In effect, the adoption of classical/neo-classical economics not only succeeded, it extinguished the goals of the Age of Enlightenment and put an end to humanity's progress toward liberté, égalité, fraternité and what Lincoln so aptly expressed when he spoke of "a new birth of freedom" and a "government of the people, by the people, for the people." Not a single such government exists today, and our nation states, although slightly altered in form, mimic the monarchial states of seventeenth century Europe in which common people not only exist for the sake of the state and its institutions but are thought of as expendable.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/30/Capitalism_graffiti_luebeck.jpg

Evidence for this view is overwhelming. The Congress of the United States can find billions of dollars overnight to fight wars of dubious merit and to support failing establishment institutions, but money for programs to support people in need can never be found. The wages of automobile workers are criticized as "too high," but not the wages of Wall Street brokers or elected officeholders. Raising the minimum wage is opposed and union membership is discouraged, but so-called professional organizations, which are nothing but unions, are not only tolerated, they are allowed to engage in activities that influence governmental policies in their favor. Not a single labor leader holds a Congressional seat but lawyers who are members of the ABA abound. Young men and women, mostly common people are sent off to war often to be sacrificed, but when they are fortunate enough to return alive find themselves being denied benefits and services which they have been promised. These people who were considered expendable when recruited remain expendable when discharged. The Congress can quickly find $700 billion for bankers but not .07¢ for the elderly living on Social Security (what a misnomer!). Medicare was originally set up to pay physicians to see patients, but unless the patients had the means to buy the medications prescribed, no treatment was possible. What was called a benefit to the elderly in reality was little more than a physicians' income protection plan.

http://www.cubaconnect.co.uk/images/prods/capitalism%20in%20crisis%20cover.jpg

Some economists may claim that this is mere happenstance, not a necessary result of the economic system, but that claim is vacuous. Under classical economics, individuals supposedly act in their own self-interest as economic agents who dedicate themselves to those economic activities that bring the greatest income. But if this were so, society would be impossible. No one would be willing to do the low-paying jobs that the existence of society requires. Who would be a minimum-wage sewer worker? Who would be a public school teacher? Who would be a nurse? Who would be an artist, a serious (as opposed to a popular) composer, a social worker, an ambulance driver, a fireman, a policeman, a janitor, a door man, a porter, an factory worker, an oil rig worker, a lumberjack, a garbage collector, a checkout clerk at a grocery store, a college professor in a public institution, or even a cleric? People would do most of these jobs only out of necessity, which means that the system impales its adherents on the horns of a dilemma. Either Classical economics is founded on the completely false postulate of economic self-interest or it must be designed so that the largest numbers of people in a society are never allowed to pursue their own self-interests as economic agents. (Anyone who believes that adopting a theory that impales its adherents on the horns of a dilemma is rational is delusional.) One economic aspect of this design is Smith's subsistence theory of wages. (Only a person with a low opinion of common humanity could even have proposed such a thing.) The masses must either accept their social status or attempt to escape it by either winning huge payoffs through lotteries or game shows or turning to prohibited alternate economic endeavors (usually called crime). Even education is not an effective path for most. So crime becomes an essential characteristic of Capitalism, and the growth of it in both Russia after the abandonment of Communism and Israel after the abandonment of Socialism are ample enough proof. Unless Americans are genetically predisposed to criminal behavior, that the United States has the most laissez faire Capitalist economy must be responsible for the fact that America also has the highest criminal population per capita of any nation. So this economic system must be exploitive to be effective. Two hundred years of Capitalism and common people are still serfs, wars are still fought to protect our "national interests," and the extermination of human beings occurs at ever increasing rates. John Locke, Adam Smith, and Classical economists snuffed out the Age of Enlightenment's candle! They brought human progress to a dead stop.

http://amec.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/capitalism0.jpg

To make this result possible, however, governments that nominally call themselves democratic have to be corrupted; true representatives of the people would never allow it. American government has become an establishment oligarchy whose elected officials legislate the protection of the status quo. Attempts to change the system are almost impossible, since the political establishment controls how elections are run and how votes are counted, and the for-profit establishment press controls which candidates the people can even hear. During the French revolution, the press became a fourth estate that reported establishment abuses and supported change; whereas today's American press promotes establishment values and uncritically disseminates governmental propaganda. Truth has vanished. When the CEOs of our financial institutions were being pilloried publicly by a Senatorial committee, not one of these establishment figures had the courage to say, "Yes, we are greedy and took advantage of the opportunities the law provided to increase our wealth and we spent large amounts of money on lobbying the Congress to have these opportunities written into law. But we did not put guns to your heads to get you to take the money or to write the laws. So, Senator, if you want to see the truly corrupted, go to the nearest restroom and look in the mirror." No one asks why Congressmen, many of whom are independently wealthy and who earn well over $150,000 yearly, need government supported medical insurance and retirement plans when many ordinary Americans lack both. No one asks questions about those numerous Congressmen who employ, in one way or other, relatives. No one asks why millionaire Congressmen expect ordinary people to finance their campaigns or pay off their campaign debts. The only conclusion that can be drawn is that becoming a Congressman is an establishment, economically self-interest vocation. Benjamin Franklin tried to convince the Constitutional Convention that service in Congress should be unpaid. If only he had succeeded.

As though all of this were not bad enough, even religion itself has been corrupted. For about fifteen centuries, the churches in Europe attacked sin. Obedience to the Decalogue and avoidance of the Seven Deadly Sins were promoted. Today the American Christian right, even though it advocates publicly posting the Ten Commandments, has reduced its moral concerns to the outlawing of abortion and homosexuality, the outlawing of which have only a meager Biblical basis and the bedroom is not where most moral issues arise. Yet nothing is ever said about commercial and political violations of the Commandments or the commission of the Seven Deadly Sins.

So the question that economists need to answer is what kind of world do we want to live in? Yet this question is not among those economists investigate. Do we want to live in a world in which human beings exist for the sole sake of institutions or do we want to live in a world in which institutions exist for the sake of human beings? If economists were forced to answer this question honestly, how many would admit that they want the former? And if that is their answer, what can be said of such people? Are they good, honest, and decent people or are they not? I don't know the answer, but some are openly calling them evil. Paul Bloom, a professor of psychology at Yale, has said, "The problem is not that economists are unreasonable people, it’s that they’re evil people" (http://www.blogrunner.com/snapshot/D/5/0/economists_dissect_the_8216yuck_factor/). Economists, of course, will dismiss such comments out of hand, but there are reasons that give them credibility. First, economists are, for the most part, members of the establishment that pursues its own economic self-interest, and many are notorious for having enriched themselves in some rather questionable ways. In fact, Greg Mankiw (http://gregmankiw.blogspot.com/2009/01/why-major-in-economics.html) recommends majoring in economics because of its "earnings premium of 0.33 log points and a premium of 0.19 including occupation controls." Second, some economists have argued that no system is immoral, only people are, which is a variation on the familiar aphorism used by opponents of gun control: guns don't kill, people do. But although I have not claimed that the economic system is immoral, only that it institutionalizes and promotes immoral behavior, this economists' claim is non-probative. Just as the gun is an instrument which enables killing to be done, the economic system is an instrument which enables immorality to be practiced. But if society wants to reduce or eliminate the killing and people can't be reformed, the only alternative is to remove the instrument, the gun. The same is true of our economic system. If we want a better world for humanity in general, if we want to eliminate virtual serfdom and exploitation, and if we can't harness the greed of economic actors, the only alternative is to remove the instrument by abandoning the economic theory. Otherwise, nothing will ever change and human beings will continue to act in satanic ways.

And most horridly, some economists shamelessly and openly advocate the grossest immorality as a benefit. Nicholas D. Kristof (http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/15/opinion/15kristof.html) writes, "But while it shocks Americans to hear it, the central challenge in the poorest countries is not that sweatshops exploit too many people, but that they don’t exploit enough. Talk to these families in the dump, and a job in a sweatshop is a cherished dream, an escalator out of poverty, the kind of gauzy if probably unrealistic ambition that parents everywhere often have for their children." Apparently, Mr. Kristof never studied logic and has never heard of non sequitur. Asking people who have no alternative is not the way to evaluate a situation. The central challenge to all countries is how to change the established economic system so that people don't have to be placed in the position of having to choose between working in a hazardous dump and something even worse. Having tuberculoses is better than having lung cancer but neither is commendable. A lesser evil is nevertheless an evil and so is anyone who attempts to justify it. Any person who doesn't understand this needs to seriously reorient his moral compass. It is because of people like Mr. Kristof that Adam Smith's The Theory of Moral Sentiments never attained any standing, for a moral theory based on sympathy could hardly influence the unsympathetic.

Is there any real hope for change? Doubtful at best! Those in control, those steeped in immorality and motivated by greed are not likely to support it; they are more likely to resist until they die. Perhaps the only hope, and it may be imminent, is the total collapse of the Anglo-American economy and the horrid consequences that it entails internationally. Should that happen, perhaps the other world will, in revulsion, reject its reconstruction and start anew, making households, not institutions and nations, the beneficiaries of all economic activity, eliminating the prevarication, the greed, the exploitation, the corruption, and the empires which characterize today's world.

Smith, religious-like ideologies, Adam Smith, John Locke, Richard Reeb, Age of Enlightenment, Paul Bloom, Greg Mankiw, Nicholas D. Kristof


Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Saturday, January 31, 2009 0 comments links to this post

prosecuting Bush & Co for crimes against the Constitution of the United States

For some time I have been advocating bringing Bush, Cheney and members of their administrations to justice for what has been perceived as unlawful activity. What began as a call for impeachment has now become a call for prosecution. My vociferousness can be witnessed in many of the essays and comments posted at this blog and at other sites to which I am a contributor. That many others are of a like mind is evidenced by the many links and articles offered here which also promote impeaching, investigating and prosecuting Bush & Co for crimes against the Constitution of the United States and humanity at large with increasing focus given to "-War Crimes'.

http://lawanddisorder.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/03/Guantanamo.jpg

What is being proposed and promoted is swimming against a very strong under-tow of other concerns; the economy, the conflicts in Asia, health care, etc. The idea of prosecuting Bush, Cheney, et al. makes most people wince, cringe or shudder with trepidation and some explode with indignation. The notion for many--at least as measured by the entries at various sites where such opinions can be freely voiced--is that the any action to bring Bush et al. to account in a court of law for their malfeasance is one that is without hope. The cause of this hopelessness is varied; ranging from an ineffective and complicit Congress refusing to take appropriate action to the unassailable power of international banking cabals and the Illuminati.

What we, the people, must come to understand, despite all of the horror stories about international conspiracies, world-shaping deals done at Bilderberger meetings, WTO conferences, and/or economic summits in Davos is a very simple truth: there are many more of us than there are of them. This is the essence of Democracy 101; we, the people out-number them, the elite. That is our power. We have the power to change things. We have the power to demand that our leaders be held accountable for their actions while in office. It is a simple elemental truth and the basis of democratic government. As former British parliamentarian, Tony Benn, recently stated, "Never, ever underestimate the power of determined people, if their cause is right."

http://www.williambowles.info/gispecial/2006/0406/230406/image002.jpg

Why, then, do so many Americans--the majority as it seems--fail to embrace and internalize this vital truth? Why are so many Americans prone to thinking "-What's the use?' regarding politics and political activism? Why have so many Americans failed Democracy 101?

One answer is that we Americans have been educated to feel powerless. We have been inculcated with the idea that our only avenue of democratic activity is the polling booth where we are called on to choose which corporate financed and anointed candidate we'd prefer. This is an extremely harmful delusion; one that is foisted upon us by very highly paid public relations corporations and their mouth-pieces in the corporate media.

The "powers-that-be" spend millions each business quarter on ads, reports, findings, articles, pamphlets, books, TV programs, radio shows, movies and other means of propaganda in an attempt to keep the public docile and would-be activists dispirited with smothering messages of hopelessness and powerlessness. They do this because "they" fear "Us." We have the power and they know it. Otherwise they wouldn't feel the need to pour millions into their PR campaigns aimed at keeping us apathetic, compliant and submissive.

http://fruqtada.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/512px-camp_x-ray_detainees.jpg

To illustrate this, Noam Chomsky often cites this anecdote: whenever he speaks in Third World Countries with limited democratic outlet and where opinion and political action are restricted if not actively or violently suppressed, no one ever asks him 'What should we do?' They know what to do and often tell Professor Chomsky what they are doing often in the face of brutal repression to redress their grievances. On the other hand, whenever he speaks in the USA, "-Land of the Free and Home of the Brave' he is invariably asked, "What can we do?" Americans, who pride themselves on living in the strongest Democracy on earth and puff their chests about being "the Leader of the Free World," "-Beacon of Hope" and "-City on the Hill," generally feel unempowered and ineffectual when it comes to social and political activism.

This is very telling. It tells us that something is tragically amiss in the USA. It tells us that American democracy is faltering and in danger of becoming nothing more than a sham of staged, ritualized elections, devoid of real import.(Indeed, there are many who contend this is a fait accompli.) It needn't be that way, of course.

One need only look at Bolivia or Venezuela, countries without a democratic tradition. If the impoverished, indigenous People of those countries can overcome the combined machinations of the CIA, the US State Department, the World Bank, the IMF, the WTO, the kleptocratic elite and the economic hit-men of international corporations, then we, the People of the United States of America should and must be able to do the same.

Americans would do well to learn a lesson from the Bolivians and the Venezuelans; the first lesson of Democracy 101: Voting is not the sum total of democracy. It is an important albeit small part of the democratic process. The will of the people is not subject to election cycles. We must not be compliant, silent observers who patiently wait for ballots to be handed us at polling centers. We must continually inform and educate ourselves and our fellow citizens in a democratic republic for it to truly function.

http://i29.tinypic.com/awuosi.jpg

Additionally, it is of vital importance that our representatives in government top the list of those fellow-citizens we need to continually and aggressively inform and educate. We do not ask permission to be heard by our government and our representatives. We demand it as our lawful right and duty.

http://www.greenberg-art.com/.Toons/.Toons%20recent/qqxsgIraq%20OIL.gif

http://www.thewe.cc/thewei/_/images11/insanity/remains_of_us_soldier.jpe
remains of a US soldier
We must not be wistful by-standers to the democratic process. To do so euthanizes democracy and hands the power to oligarchs and autocrats who do not believe as we, the People must believe, that all of us are equal under the Constitution. We must be vocal, active and engaged for we, the People, are the government. We are the power.

Take heart! Take action!

Take back our Republic from neo-con con-men and false-flag conservatives without consciences. The first step to the recovery of our Republic is to prosecute George W, Bush, Richard Cheney and all other incriminated members of their administrations for the crimes they have committed in the name of the American People.

Do not give credence to the Big Lie that they acted "-in the interest of national security." They acted in their own personal interests and their actions have endangered us all.

Dismiss the spin about "-national reconciliation" and "-forgiveness." It is folderol foisted on us by those who fear being implicated in the Bush/Cheney crimes.

We, the American People must demand that justice be done or Justice will be done with us.

We are the power. Use it.

Thus endeth the lesson.

Your lab assignment is this:

Go to the White House web site and Office of Public Liaison & Intergovernmental Affairs President-elect Obama's site and make your voice heard; insist that he establish a special prosecutor to investigate the crimes of the George W. Bush administrations:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/opl/

In addition, you can act locally by going to http://www.peaceteam.net/ to look up your state's local County/District prosecuting attorney and encourage him or her to take action.

Prosecute Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld, Rice, Addington,Pelosi, Scalia and Paulson

http://www.usalone.net/cgi-bin/oen.cgi?qnum=6996

source: www.opednews.com/articles/2/Democracy-101-a-Call-for-by-DC-Rapier-090128-964.html
Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Saturday, January 31, 2009 0 comments links to this post

30 January, 2009

Erdogan Shimon Peres DAVOS TRANSSCRIPT

More correct Interpretation of what Erdogan said:

One minute! One minute!

http://www.internethaber.com/images/news/39707.jpghttp://yenisafak.com.tr/resim/site/tayyipp3a03ccca3a03cccbby.jpg

Mr.Peres, you're older than me. Your voice is coming too loud. I know that the reason of your voice's coming this loud is a guiltiness psychology. My voice won't come this loud, know that so.....When it comes to kill, you know how to kill very well.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister of Turkey, left, talks ...

Thu Jan 29, 3:02 PM ET Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister of Turkey, left, talks to Shimon Peres, President of Israel, right, during a plenary session during the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum, WEF, in Davos, Switzerland, Thursday, Jan. 29, 2009.Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has stalked off the stage later at the World Economic Forum, red-faced and agitated after verbally sparring over Gaza with Israeli President Shimon Peres. (AP Photo/Keystone/Alessandro Della Bella)

I know how you shot, how you killed the children on beaches, very well. Two people who had been prime minister in your country made important statements to me. You have prime ministers who said that "When i get in to Palestine on tanks, i feel myself a different kind of happy." And you're giving me numbers. I can give you names. You may be wonder... I also condemn who acclaims to this grimness......Because i suppose acclaiming the people who killed those children, those people, is another humanity crime. Look, we can not edge out a reality here. I keep a lot of notes here, but i don't have a chance to reply all here. But i only say two words from here.......

Turkey's Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan (C) leaves a session ...
Turkey's Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan (C) leaves a session next to David Ignatius (L), Associate Editor and Columnist of The Washington Post, Israel's President Shimon Peres (3rd R), United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (2nd R) and Secretary-General of the League of Arab States Amr Moussa (R) at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos January 29, 2009. Erdogan stormed out of a debate on the Middle East at the World Economic Forum on Thursday, saying he might never return to the annual gathering of the rich and powerful. REUTERS/World Economic Forum/Monika Flueckiger/Handout (SWITZERLAND). FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS.
Thu Jan 29, 4:58 PM ET

First, - Please don't interrupt me!

First, The Torah says in the sixth topic that "You are not going to kill!". There is killing here. Second, -this is also interesting too- Gilad Atzmon: Israel barbarism is on the further side of fiendishness -a Jewish

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uj_2GuNUdAI

Erdo.an: .Excuse me, please let me finish. In the Torah, the Sixth Commandment says thou shall not kill. But there is killing. Secondly, this is interesting.. Erdogan then gives two jewish people as example, one of them is a professor of Oxford University, refering to their heavy critics on Israel. Then he refers to an article of the British newspaper The Guardian. The moderator interrupts again. Erdogan speaking to the moderator: .And I want to thank you, thank you very much. For me, this is the end of Davos. I won.t come back to Davos. You don.t give me the opportunity to respond. You let Peres speak for 25 minutes and me for 12 minutes.. Peres had been scheduled to be the last speaker.


Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, is seen ...
AP
Fri Jan 30, 9:58 AM ET

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, is seen with Istanbul Mayor Kadir Topbas during the inauguration of a subway station in Istanbul, Turkey, Monday, Jan. 30, 2009. Thousands of jubilant Turks welcomed their prime minister home on Friday, thronging the airport and later chanting 'Turkey is proud of you!' after he publicly confronted the Israeli president over the Gaza war during the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. Later, Erdogan was applauded by a smaller crowd of about 1,500 people as he inaugurated a subway station in Istanbul.

(AP Photo/Ibrahim Usta)
Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Friday, January 30, 2009 0 comments links to this post

Cracow Revolution 1846 (Krakau Krakow)

Cracow Revolution 1846

guage of instruction at Jagiellonian University; incorporation into the Austrian custom zone and numerous plagues caused a sudden economic crisis, an increase in the cost of living and poverty. After the collapse of the Cracow Republic the Austrian authorities began to suppress mercilessly any attempt of the peasants to get rid of feudal duties. The conspiracy, seriously weakened by the events of 1846, continued to exist in Cracow, supported by the proletariat; in the province, the conspirators feared another jacquerie and gave up agitation among the peasants. The collapse of the 1846 revolution and the peasants' jacquerie challenged the role of the Polish politicians outside the country as a leading political force; they were more and more detached from the situation in partitioned Poland. Diplomatic efforts undertaken by the Hotel Lambert did not bring success; in November 1846 Palmerston, and in December that year Guizot, sent through their diplomatic representatives in East European capitals weak protests against the incorporation of the Cracow Republic into Austria, which, however, did not change the status quo. Soon after the events of the Cracow revolution Russia and Austria came out with a demand to the French government of strengthening supervision over the Polish emigration in France; thanks to the pro-Polish attitude of a large part of French public o pinion, the postulates were not realized. The Cracow revolution, merging the struggle for national independence with the struggle for social reforms was highly honored by the European Left. Marx and Engels referred to the Cracow revolution in the Communist Manifesto; "Among the Poles Communists support a party which considers an agrarian revolution a condition of a national salvation, the same party which evoked the Cracow Revolution." The collapse of the Cracow revolution hampered t he conspiracies in partitioned Poland; most leaders ended up in prisons, others emigrated. In 1847 in Berlin 254 members of the Polish conspiracy were tried; eight of them were sentenced to death and ninety-seven to prison; thanks to the outbreak of the March revolution in Berlin, the sentences were not executed.


Jolanta T. Pekacz


Bibliography

J. Bieniarzówna, Z dziejów liberalnego i konspiracyjnego Krakowa. Cracow, 1948.

S. Kieniewicz, Ruch chlopski w Galicji w 1846 roku. Wroclaw, 1951.

B. Limanowski, Historia ruchu rewolucyjnego w Polsce w 1846 r. Cracow, 1913.

M. Szarota, Die letzten Tage der Republik Krakau. Breslau, 1911.

M. Zychowski, Rok 1846 w Rzeczpospolitej Krakowskiej i Galicji. Warsaw, 1956.

The Kraków (Cracow) Uprising of February 1846 was an attempt led by Edward Dembowski to incite a Polish fight for national independence. Even though most of Poland was as Congress Poland part of the Russian Empire, the uprisings were mainly conducted by Poles in parts of Prussia (Greater Poland Uprising 1846) and the Austrian Empire.

Most of the uprising was limited to the Free City of Kraków where Jagiellonian University professor of philosophy, Michal Wiszniewski, acted as a one-day chief, and was followed by Rector Jan Tyssowski.[1]

Teofil Wi.niowski, the President of the Uprising Tribunal in the Austrian province of Galizien, led the short lived uprising in Eastern Galicia, where a battle involving Austrian Hussars in Narajów occurred.

The revolts were quickly suppressed by the Austrian army [1], the Kraków and its surrounding area was subsequently annexed to the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, a province of the Austrian Empire, with its capital at Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv).

[edit] References

1. ^ "Austriacy wraz z polskimi ch.opami zadali powsta.com kl.sk. pod Gdowem 26 lutego 1846, za. ch.opi wymordowali wielu powsta.ców. Historia Polski. by Micha. Tymowski, Jan Kieniewicz, Jerzy Holzer. Warszawa. 1990. str. 234


court at the Hotel Lambert, in Paris, which played an important part in keeping the Polish question alive in European politics.
"For Your Freedom and Ours"

The insurrection in the semi-independent City of Krakow in 1846 was doomed from the start. The insurrectionists had hoped to gain the support of the local peasantry (recalling the victory at Raclawice) but the peasants, having never benefited from the liberal ideals proposed by the intelligensia, used the insurrection as an excuse to rid themselves of their landlords; it was the last "jacquerie" (or peasants' uprising) in European history. The insurrectionist forces were defeated by a combination of Austrian and peasant forces at the battle of Gdow and the insurrection was put down with great brutality by the Austrians, resulting in the abolition of the Commonwealth of Krakow.

In 1848 "the Springtime of Nations" (a revolutionary movement towards greater democracy in much of Europe) saw large-scale contributions by the Poles. In Italy, Mickiewicz organised a small legion to fight for Italian independence from Austria, whilst in Hungary, Generals Dembinski and Bem led 3,000 Poles in the Hungarian Revolution against Austria. There were also unsuccessful uprisings in Poznan (Posen), against the Prussians, and in Eastern Galicia, against the Austrians.

Starting in 1863, the "January Uprising" against the Russians lasted for more than a year and a half. A Provisional government was established and more than 1,200 skirmishes were fought, mostly in the deep forests under the command of Romuald Traugutt. Italian help came from the "Garibaldi Legion" led by Colonel Francesco Nullo. In 1864 Traugutt and four other members of the Provisional government were captured in Warsaw and publicly executed.

The Uprising was finally put down in 1865, and the Kingdom of Poland was abolished and a severe policy of persecution and "Russification" established. The University of Warsaw and all schools were closed down, use of the Polish language was forbidden in most public places and the Catholic Church was persecuted. The Kingdom of Poland became known as the "Vistula Province".

In the Prussian occupied zone the aim was to totally destroy the Polish language and culture. From 1872 German became compulsory in all schools and it was a crime to be caught speaking in Polish. There was a systematic attempt to uproot Polish Peasants from their land. A special permit was needed to rebuild any farm buildings damaged or destroyed by fire or flood, but none were ever granted to Poles. One peasant, Wojciech Drzumala, challenged this law by living in a converted wagon.

In Austrian Poland, Galicia, conditions were different. After 1868 the Poles had a degree of self-government, the Polish language was kept as the official language and the Universities of Krakow and Lwow were allowed to function. As a result this area witnessed a splendid revival of Polish culture, including the works of the painter Jan Matejko, and the writers Kraszewski, Prus and Sienkiewicz.

All three powers kept Poland economically weak in this period of technological progress. Despite this the Poles managed to make some progress: the textile industry began to flourish in Lodz (the "Polish Manchester") and coal-mining developed rapidly. In Prussian Poland, despite ruthless oppression, the Poles concentrated on light industry and agriculture (and before long Poznan became the chief source of food for the whole of Germany). In Silesia, under German rule since 1742, the development of mining and heavy industry made her a chief industrial centre and thus the Prussian attempt to exterminate all traces of Polish language and culture was at its most ruthless, yet they survived.

Despite its abolition by Kosciuszko in 1794 the partitioning powers restored serfdom. It was not abolished in Prussia until 1823, in Austria until 1848 and in Russia until 1861 (but not in her "Polish" territories).

In 1905 the Russo-Japanese War saw a series of humiliating defeats for the Russians and civil unrest in Russia. In Poland there was a wave of strikes and demonstrations demanding civil rights. Polish pupils went on strike, walking out of Russian schools and a private organisation, the "Polska Macierz Szkolna" ("Polish Education Society"), was set up under the patronage of the great novelist, Henryk Sienkiewicz.

Then, in 1906, Jozef Pilsudski, a founder-member of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS), began to set up a number of paramilitary organisations which attacked Tzarist officials and carried out raids on post offices, tax-offices and mail-trains. In Galicia the Austrian authorities turned a blind eye to the setting up of a number of "sporting" clubs, followed by a Riflemen's Union. In 1912, Pilsudski reorganised these on military lines and by 1914 had nearly 12,000 men under arms. .

Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Friday, January 30, 2009 0 comments links to this post

28 January, 2009

ID-PHOTOS of Israeli murderers

Names and Photos of Israeli War Criminals in Gaza


Israel: Evidence of War Crimes in Gaza Grows by the Day

To say that Hamas is a terrorist organization, and that we won't deal with the Palestinians fairly until the Palestinians rescind their democratic vote for them, is as if to say the rest of the world wouldn't deal with the U.S. until the U.S. rescinded its democratic vote for the Republican Party.

Actually, the world would have had some justification to declare the Republican Party a terrorist organization, or to refuse to deal with Israel until Israel quits its illegal military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza.

Bottom line kiddies: Hamas abided by the ceasefire.

(See: http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/ipc_e007.pdf)

There WERE NO ROCKETS. No rockets while they watched their children starve and Israel, behind their backs, prepared the ENTIRE TIME to destroy Gaza utterly.

The rockets before the ceasefire were a legitimate act of self-defense. Ask yourself: Why is it ok for Israel to collectively starve 1.5 million civilians, but it isn't ok for the 1.5 million civilians to fire rockets at civilians who supported their starvation? Israel itself demonstrates that it has absolutely no respect for rules of war. (See: The Dahiyah doctrine.)

As to whether or not Israel is guilty of war crimes:

It is a war crime to lock up 1.5 million men, women and children and to starve them.
(See: Foreign doctors say one million people are at death's door.)

It is a war crime to bomb clearly marked ambulances.

It is a war crime to deny medical and emergency workers such as the Red Cross the right of access to assist the wounded and evacuate civilians under assault. Starving babies were found by their murdered mothers after four days of the IDF blocking emergency workers' access.

It is a war crime to attack public shelters - shelters that were clearly marked, and of which their locations were repeatedly shared with the Israeli military command.

It is a war crime to order civilians out of their homes - men, women and children - stuff them
into a building - and once inside bomb it.

It is a war crime to order families out of their homes, and then one by one pick off the
children with M16's while you enjoy a snack of chocolates and crisps from the top of your
tank.

It is a war crime to destroy the water and sewage treatment plants. As in Iraq, what we will
witness next is the holocaust of preventable disease cutting down the children, destroying
them all.

It is a war crime to carpet bomb heavily populated urban centers with white phosphorous bombs. White phosphorous burns, and it cannot be put out with water. White phosphorous kills or injures in three ways - through inhalation, blood poisoning, and it burns to the bone. You can't put it out with water.

It is a war crime to destroy orchards.

It is a war crime to bomb the U.N. food and medicine storage facility - a facility clearly marked
whose location was shared with the IDF.

It is a war crime to bomb hospitals.

400,000 people in Gaza now have no water.

Tens of thousands have had their homes destroyed.

Hamas abided by the ceasefire while they watched and waited for reciprocal positive moves
from Israel.

Israel girded for total destruction instead.

Hamas has said that it does not want to push the Jews into the sea. Hamas has clearly
stated that it is prepared to accept a two-state solution with Israel, and the place to begin is
pre-1967 borders.

Israel utilizes terror deliberately with the aim of creating desirable political outcomes it
prefers. Israel is a state terrorist. The U.S. sponsors Israel's state terrorism financially, to the
tune of billions of dollars in military and cash donations each and every year.

I call on the U.S. Government to immediately cut off all financial and military aid to Israel until
such time as Israel deals on peace.

www.tothecenter.com/news.php?readmore=8599

TIME MAGAZINE:
The Israeli military has been accused by the United Nations and various human rights groups of using disproportionate force and even of war crimes



Richard Falk, an independent UN rights expert, said there was compelling evidence that Israel breached basic humanitarian rules and the laws of war by conducting a large-scale military operation "against an essentially defenseless population."

"There needs to be an investigation carried out under independent auspices as to whether these grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions should be treated as war crimes," Falk said.

"I believe that there is the prima facie case for reaching that conclusion," he told a press conference in Geneva.

Falk said Israel had made no effort to allow civilians to escape the violence.

"To lock people into a war zone is something that evokes the worst kind of international memories of the Warsaw Ghetto, and sieges that occur unintentionally during a period of wartime," Falk, who is Jewish, was quoted by Haaretz newspaper as saying, in reference to the starvation and murder of Warsaw's Jews by Nazi Germany in World War Two.



Falk said the entire Gaza population, which had been trapped in a war zone with no possibility to leave as refugees, may have been mentally scarred for life. If so, the definition of casualty could be extended to the entire civilian population.

Falk, who,according to the Haaretz report, was denied entry to Israel two weeks before the offensive started on Dec. 27, dismissed Israel's argument that the assault was for self-defense in the light of rocket attacks aimed at Israel from the Hamas-ruled Gaza strip.

"In my view the UN charter, and international law, does not give Israel the legal foundation for claiming self-defence," he said.

Israel had not restricted fighting to areas where the rockets came from and had refused to negotiate with Hamas, preventing a diplomatic solution, Falk said.


There is growing anger in Gaza over the recent Israeli military operation that inflicted death, damage and destruction in the territory, a senior United Nations official separately warned Friday.

He stressed that ensuring accountability and restoring the local economy are the main ways to make certain the conflict does not create more extremists.

“People are increasingly angry about what has happened here. That is perfectly understandable. But we want to channel the emotions now into something constructive and positive,” John Ging, Director of Operations in Gaza for the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), told a news conference in New York via video-link from the ground.

The 22-day offensive, which Israel launched on 27 December with the stated aim of ending Hamas rocket attacks, claimed over 1,300 lives and wounded 5,450, in addition to causing widespread damage and destruction.

Mr. Ging cautioned that those bent on extremism have been “emboldened” by what has happened because it has generated a high degree of grief, frustration and despair.

He stressed the need to restore the people’s confidence that there will be accountability and that they can rely on the rule of law being applied equally, fairly and objectively. “That is a big, big challenge,” he said, noting that there is a lot of cynicism on the ground as to whether that will be achieved. “If we don’t then we are defeated by the extremists. It’s as simple as that,” he said.

On Tuesday, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon demanded that those responsible for bombing UN buildings in the Palestinian territory should be made accountable. Amnesty International said it was “undeniable” that Israel had used white phosphorus in crowded civilian areas, contrary to international law, charging that this amounted to a war crime.

In preparation for what it expects will be a "wave" of legal action over its military operation, the Israeli cabinet will on Sunday consider a proposal by Defense Minister Ehud Barak to provide financial aid and legal support to officers and soldiers who they expect will be charged with war crimes.

"The Israeli government bears the responsibility for sending IDF troops on missions, as well as for defending civilians, and as such is obligated to grant its full support," Barak said in a statement Friday. "The IDF is a moral army, and I don't know of any other army which operates to such high standards," he said.







http://www.usvetdsp.com/naked_pw_dog.jpg
Remember Torture?

http://sitelife.aviationweek.com/ver1.0/Content/images/store/2/8/028bcb16-56dc-4866-8876-42a42e1c17a7.Large.jpg
Israeli Arms Industry

http://www.theodoresworld.net/pics/1006/israelImage1.jpg
Israeli F16

http://www.inminds.co.uk/mac-israeli.jpg
Israelie MacDonalds

IDF Terrorists Every single Israeli soldier who crosses the border of 1967 is enforcing an illegal occupation, ethnical cleansing, genocide. They are without exception war criminals, and we must never forget their crimes. We must do everything possible to bring them before justice. Here are some officers of the IDF and other Israeli armed forces who are known to have murdered Palestinians, and contributed to or committed directly or indirectly acts which qualify as crimes of war, crimes against humanity, genocide, ethnic cleansing ... If you have pictures, documents or other verifiable information of these or other individuals belonging to the IDF which could help in securing arrest warrants against them in any jurisdiction, please contact me. I hope that these individuals will be on their way to The Hague sooner or later. *NOTICE:* Some of these pictures are taken from other websites. These pictures help to identify terrorists of US, German, English, French, etc. nationality who operate in the West Bank under assumed impunity. These pictures belong to their respective owners, and are used here for informative and educational purposes only. I claim no ownership over these pictures. Their use here is strictly non-commercial, and intended to help bring the persons depicted to justice. This applies equally to civilians and IDF military officers. Kawther Salam Image Gallery Gadi Eizenkot1 Gadi Eizenkot1 Gadi Eizenkot1 Gadi Eizenkot1 Gen. Gadi Ayzenkot Gen. Gadi Ayzenkot Gen. Gadi Ayzenkot Gen. Gadi Ayzenkot Yoav Mordechai Yoav Mordechai Yoav Mordechai Yoav Mordechai Admiral David ben Baashat Admiral David ben Baashat Admiral David ben Baashat Navy commander Dudu Ben-Baashat Admiral David ben Baashat Admiral Baashat "Dudu Ben-Baashat" Brig Gen Jonathan Locker Brig Gen Jonathan Locker Brig Gen Jonathan Locker Brig Gen Jonathan Locker Brig-Gnrl Guy Zur Brig-Gnrl Guy Zur Brig-Gnrl Guy Zur Brig-Gnrl Guy Zur Brigadier General Avi Zamir Brigadier General Avi Zamir Brigadier General Avi Zamir Brigadier General Avi Zamir Brigadier General Dan Biton Brigadier General Dan Biton Brigadier General Dan Biton

http://peoplesgeography.files.wordpress.com/2006/11/bendib-iran-and-israel-nukes-cartoon.jpg

Brigadier General Dan Biton Brigadier General Shlolmo Turjeman Brigadier General Shlolmo Turjeman Brigadier General Shlolmo Turjeman Brigadier General Shlolmo Turjeman Colonel David Menahem Colonel David Menahem Colonel David Menahem Colonel David Menahem Kfir Brigade criminal Colonel res. Gideon Bar-On Colonel res. Gideon Bar-On Colonel res. Gideon Bar-On Colonel res. Gideon Bar-On Colonel Ron Ashrov Colonel Ron Ashrov Colonel Ron Ashrov Colonel Ron Ashrov Powered by Gallery v2.2 Theme - X_treme © 2007 - Kawther Salam (all rights reserved) Powered by Gallery (http://gallery.menalto.com/) with X_treme theme(for G2.2) by Pedro Gilberto (http://www.pedrogilberto.net) Kawther Salam Image Gallery IDF Terrorists Itzik Eitan Itzik Eitan Itzik Eitan Itzik Eitan Gidon Ezra, and the war criminal Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi Gidon Ezra, and the war criminal Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi Gidon Ezra, and the war criminal Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi Gidon Ezra, and the war criminal Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi terrorist_17 terrorist_17 terrorist_17 terrorist_17 military2 military2 military2 military2 terrorist_10 terrorist_10 terrorist_10 terrorist_10 terrorist_11 terrorist_11 terrorist_11 terrorist_11 terrorist_16 terrorist_16 terrorist_16 terrorist_16 terrorist_2 terrorist_2 terrorist_2 terrorist_2 terrorist_3 terrorist_3 terrorist_3 terrorist_3 terrorist_7 terrorist_7 terrorist_7 terrorist_7 1 1 1 1 IDF Chief Rabbi Avi Ronsky IDF Chief Rabbi Avi Ronsky IDF Chief Rabbi Avi Ronsky IDF Chief Rabbi Avi Ronsky Selling chametz and dogs to Naser al-Din Picture 753 Picture 753 Moshe Tamir Moshe Tamir Moshe Tamir Moshe Tamir Moshe Tamir Moshe "Chiko" Tamir Shamni and Golan Shamni and Golan Shamni and Golan Shamni and Golan Shamni and Golan Shachar Ayalon Shachar Ayalon Shachar Ayalon Shachar Ayalon Police Commissioner Shachar Ayalon Brigadier General Gal Hirsch Brigadier General Gal Hirsch Brigadier General Gal Hirsch Brigadier General Gal Hirsch Brigadier General Yoel Strik Brigadier General Yoel Strik Brigadier General Yoel Strik Brigadier General Yoel Strik Colonel Hartzi Halevi – Paratroops Brigade Commander1 Colonel Hartzi Halevi – Paratroops Brigade Commander1 Colonel Hartzi Halevi – Paratroops Brigade Commander1 Colonel Hartzi Halevi – Paratroops Brigade Commander1 Colonel Yitzchak Gartziani Colonel Yitzchak Gartziani Colonel Yitzchak Gartziani Colonel Yitzchak Gartziani IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy Yiftah Ron-Tal Yiftah Ron-Tal Yiftah Ron-Tal Yiftah Ron-Tal Yiftah Ron-Tal Yiftah Ron-Tal Dan Halutz Dan Halutz Dan Halutz General Dan Halutz Dan Halutz General Dan Halutz IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy IDF Chief Medical Officer Brigadier General Chazi Levy Colonel Chagai Mordechai Colonel Chagai Mordechai Colonel Chagai Mordechai Aharon Zeevi-Farkash Aharon Zeevi-Farkash Aharon Zeevi-Farkash Aharon Zeevi-Farkash Maj. General Aharon Zeevi Farkash, is a former director of the Military Intelligence. He was responsible for planning and implementing the assassinations of 544 Palestinian between 2002 and 2006. Aharon Zeevi-Farkash Moshe Yaalon Moshe Yaalon Moshe Yaalon General Moshe "Bugi" Yaalon is a former chief of staff of the IDF. On July 9, 2002 was appointed as the 17th IDF Chief-of-Staff until June 1, 2005. He was responsible for planning the invasion and destruction of various Palestinian cities ... Moshe Yaalon General Moshe "Bugi" Yaalon Gabi Ashkenazi Gabi Ashkenazi Gabi Ashkenazi Chief of the General Staff (CoGS) (2007) He is a Syrian Jewish immigrant. He was born 1954 in Hagor, Moshav, cooperative agricultural community in the Sharon region of Central Israel. During the first Lebanon war Ashkenazi, he served... Gabi Ashkenazi General Gabi Ashkenazi Moshe Kaplinski Moshe Kaplinski Moshe Kaplinski Major Gen. Moshe Kaplinsky: The War Criminal Maj. Gen. Moshe Kaplinsky is 51 years old. He was born in Israel. Kaplinsky is a veteran of previous Lebanon campaigns. Kaplinsky is a psychopath from the Golani Bigade and a ... Moshe Kaplinski Moshe Kaplinski Aviv Kochavi Aviv Kochavi Aviv Kochavi Brigadier General Aviv Kochavi Aviv Kochavi General Aviv Kochavi Major-General Amos Yadlin Major-General Amos Yadlin Major-General Amos Yadlin Major-General Amos Yadlin Yair Golan Yair Golan Yair Golan Brigadier General Yair Golan Yair Golan is a commander of the Judea and Samaria Division. He is an Israeli war criminal. The leader of the IDF operations in which hundreds of Palestinians were killed, thousands jailed, and many house ... Yair Golan Brigadier General Yair Golan Maj.Gen. Eliezer Shkedy Maj.Gen. Eliezer Shkedy Maj.Gen. Eliezer Shkedy Major General Shkedi War criminal who murdered thousands of Palestinians between February 2002 April 2004. February 2002 he was assigned as IAF (war) Chief of Staff. April 4 2004 was was appointed the commander of killing at the IAF and was... Maj.Gen. Eliezer Shkedy Air force war criminal Eliezer Shkedy Brigadier General Dr. Hezi Levi Brigadier General Dr. Hezi Levi Brigadier General Dr. Hezi Levi Brigadier General Dr. Hezi Levi Shaul Mofaz Shaul Mofaz Shaul Mofaz Shaul Mofaz Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak Amnon Lipkin Shahak, Chairman of the Board of Directors, TAHAL Group Amnon Shahak Yoav Gallant Yoav Gallant Yoav Gallant Yoav Gallant Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 ... 10 Powered by Gallery v2.2 Theme - X_treme © 2007 - Kawther Salam (all rights reserved) Powered by Gallery (http://gallery.menalto.com/) with X_treme theme(for G2.2) by Pedro Gilberto (http://www.pedrogilberto.net) Fuad Halhal Fuad Halhal Fuad Halhal Lieutenant Colonel Fuad Halhal is a Druze officer of the IDF, and a war criminal. He is or was attached to the "Military- Civil" administration of the so-called The Israeli Coordinator Office in Jenin. Previously he had been in Tul Karm and... Fuad Halhal Lieutenant Colonel Fuad Halhal Kamil Abu Rokun Kamil Abu Rokun Kamil Abu Rokun Brigadier General Kamil Abu Rokun, Kamil Abu Rokun is a Druze officer from the north of Israeli, from the Israeli-Arab village of Beit Jan. He is a former head of the of the Israeli military government "Civil Administration" in... Kamil Abu Rokun Brigadier General Kamil Abu Rokun Brigadier General Yoav Mordechai_Photo Moshe Milner Brigadier General Yoav Mordechai_Photo Moshe Milner Brigadier General Yoav Mordechai_Photo Moshe Milner Brigadier General Yoav Mordechai_Photo Moshe Milner Peter Lerner Peter Lerner Peter Lerner Major Peter Lerner Peter Lerner is a Jewish religious settler. He came from England, where he was a member of the extremist Zionist movement "Bani Akiva". He lives in an illegal settlement in Jerusalem. Peter Lerner is a former... Peter Lerner Peter Lerner Elazar Stern Elazar Stern Elazar Stern General Elazar Stern: Maj. Gen. Elazar Stern is an ultra-Orthodox commander of the Paratroopers Brigadem reserve. He was born in Tel Aviv, 1956 Stern is an extremist religious commander who forced non-Jewish IDF soldiers to convert to... Elazar Stern General Elazar Stern Yair Naveh Yair Naveh Yair Naveh IDF Brigadier-General in retirement. He lives in Givat Shmuel. He is married and has four children. Naveh is a war criminal and a former commander of the Golani unit of psychopaths. The Golani unit was the first unit involved... Yair Naveh General (Ret.) Yair Naveh Avichai Mandelblit Avichai Mandelblit Avichai Mandelblit Brigadier-General Avichai Mandelblit (another possible spelling is Mendelblit) Mandelblit is a war criminal, a terrorist, and a religious and Zionist extremist member of a fundamentalist Yeshiva. He is married and has of 4... Avichai Mandelblit Brigadier-General Avichai Mandelblit Yishai Be'er Yishai Be'er Yishai Be'er Major General Yishai Be'er. An alternative spelling is Yishai Bar. Yishai Be'er (or Yishai Bar) was born in 1956. He is married and a father of six children. Be'er studied the Law at Harvard University Law school, ... Yishai Be'er Major General Yishai Be'er Yehuda Fuchs Yehuda Fuchs Yehuda Fuchs Colonel Yehuda Fuchs (right in the picture) is the military commander of Hebron (2007). He is IDF commander of the Hebron Brigade. Fuchs is originally from the Ukraine. Fuchs is a religious Commander from the Shaham Battalion.... Yehuda Fuchs Colonel Yehuda Fuchs Ilan "Pitzi" Paz Ilan "Pitzi" Paz Ilan "Pitzi" Paz Brigadier General (Ret.) Ilan Paz a.k.a. 'Pitzi'. a.k.a. 'Binyamin'. Ilan Paz Paz lives near Haifa, in the Kerem Maharal, (the name of the Jewish settlement that was established on the site of Ijzim, a Palestinian village before... Ilan "Pitzi" Paz Brig.Gen. (Ret) Ilan Paz General Yosef Mishlav General Yosef Mishlav General Yosef Mishlav Major General) Yosef Mishlav He is an Israeli Druze criminal general in the Israel Defense Forces Maj. Gen. criminal Yosef Mishlav was born in Israel in 1952. November 1970: Major General Mishlav enlisted in the IDF, and held a ... General Yosef Mishlav Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories Major General Benny Gantz Major General Benny Gantz Major General Benny Gantz Powered by Gallery v2.2 Theme - X_treme © 2007 - Kawther Salam (all rights reserved) Powered by Gallery (http://gallery.menalto.com/) with X_treme theme(for G2.2) by Pedro Gilberto (http://www.pedrogilberto.net) Kawther Salam Image Gallery IDF Terrorists Doron Almog Doron Almog Doron Almog Born 1951. Almog had a son, Eran, who was born brain-damaged. Eran lived in a home for the disabled in Aleh in Israel. He passed away in February 2007. He lead the campaign to murder the Palestinians... Doron Almog General Doron Almog Gadi Shamni Gadi Shamni Gadi Shamni Maj. Gen. Gadi Shamni, was born in Israel in 1959. He is married and he has four children. Gadi Shamni was known as "the child hunter" (Sayad al Atfal) among the people of Hebron because of the many children murdered by troops under his... Gadi Shamni Major General Gadi Shamni Matan Vilnai Matan Vilnai Matan Vilnai Matan Vilnai Amos Gilad Amos Gilad Amos Gilad Amos Gilad is a Zionist war criminal who commanded the murders of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza from 1974 to 1979 as a Chief of the Department of Military Intelligence. His family emigrated from Czechoslovakia to Palestine in 1939 ... Amos Gilad General Amos Gilad Udi Adam Udi Adam Udi Adam Major General Ehud Udi Adam is a General in the Israeli War Forces and the former head of the Israeli terrorist Northern Command. As such he is the perpetrator of numerous crimes against humanity and acts of terrorism against defenceless civilians. Udi Adam Maj Gen Udi Adam Noam Tivon Noam Tivon Noam Tivon a.k.a. Noam Tibon Officer with the IDF Former military commander in Hebron. Responsible for many murders of Palestinians and destruction of Palestinian property. Brigadier General Noam Tibon has a Bachelors degree with... Noam Tivon Colonel Noam Tivon Dror Weinberg Dror Weinberg Dror Weinberg Colonel Dror Weinberg was the son of a German Jewish family who immigrated to Israel. He was a commander of the paratroopers who did most of his military service in the general staff's elite special operations force. His command posts began when... Dror Weinberg Dror Weinberg (dead) Baruch Nagar Baruch Nagar Baruch Nagar Baruch Nagar is responsible for many crimes adding up to genocide and ethnic cleansing during his time in the IDF. As head of the Israeli water and seage authority for the West Bank and Gaza, he continues to organize and implement measures which... Baruch Nagar Ethnical Cleanser Baruch Nagar Colonel Yehuda Fuchs Colonel Yehuda Fuchs Colonel Yehuda Fuchs Yehuda Fuchs Colonel Yehuda Fuchs (right in the picture) is the military commander of Hebron (2007). He is IDF commander of the Hebron Brigade. Fuchs is originally from the Ukraine. Fuchs is a religious Commander... Colonel Yehuda Fuchs Dov Sedaka Dov Sedaka Dov Sedaka Brigadier General Dov Sedaka, a.k.a. "Fufi", is retired from the IDF. He served in the south of Lebanon. He speaks Arabic fluently because he lived in Wadi Al-Nisnas, the Palestinian neighbourhood in Haifa. According to... Dov Sedaka General Dov Sedaka Amnon Cohen Amnon Cohen Amnon Cohen Lt.-Col. Amnon Cohen, IDF soldier from Kollam Unit "Black hat", he served in Hebron between 1993 - 2003, as a deputy of the civil administration governor, Colonel Shalom Goldshtein and Colonel Baruch Nagar. Since the middle of 1999-2003 he... Amnon Cohen Amnon Cohen Ygal Sharon and his Victims Ygal Sharon and his Victims Ygal Sharon and his Victims Ygal Sharon a.k.a. Igal Sharon, a.k.a. Yigal Sharon. Sharon was born in Tal-Aviv. He is divorced and he lives with his dog in a small apartment in Beniaeh Hanoa'ah Street near Dizengoff Center in Tel Aviv. War criminal, Col. Pnina Sharvit-Baruch Col. Pnina Sharvit-Baruch, head of the International Law Department, Military Advocate General's Office, Israel criminal "Defence" Forces. Sharvit-Baruch legitimized the war crimes operation "Cast Lead" in Gaza. She justified the killing of Palestinian ... War criminal, Col. Pnina Sharvit-Baruch Two War Criminals, Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg and Yoav Galant Two War Criminals, Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg and Yoav Galant Two War Criminals, Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg and Yoav Galant Two war criminals Brigadier-General Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg and yoav galant participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. Two War Criminals, Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg and Yoav Galant A war criminal Colonel Yigal Slovik.jpg A war criminal Colonel Yigal Slovik.jpg A war criminal Colonel Yigal Slovik.jpg A war criminal Colonel Yigal Slovik participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Colonel Yigal Slovik.jpg Two War criminals Two War criminals Two War criminals Two war criminals Ehud Barak and Eisenberga, organized and participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza Two War criminals A war criminal Col. Avi Peled A war criminal Col. Avi Peled A war criminal Col. Avi Peled A war criminal, participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Col. Avi Peled A war criminal Yuval Diskin A war criminal Yuval Diskin A war criminal Yuval Diskin A war criminal Yuval Diskin, Shin Bet security service chief, the organizer of the war in Gaza. Due to his personal recommendation, the IAF bombed the hospitals and the medical centers of Gaza. A war criminal Yuval Diskin Page: 1 ... 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Powered by Gallery v2.2 Theme - X_treme © 2007 - Kawther Salam (all rights reserved) Powered by Gallery (http://gallery.menalto.com/) with X_treme theme(for G2.2) by Pedro Gilberto (http://www.pedrogilberto.net) Kawther Salam Image Gallery IDF Terrorists A war criminal IDF Maj. Gen. res Itzhik Eitan A war criminal IDF Maj. Gen. res Itzhik Eitan A war criminal IDF Maj. Gen. res Itzhik Eitan A war criminal IDF Maj. Gen. res Itzhik Eitan A war criminal Lt. Gen. Rafeel Eitan chief of staff A war criminal Lt. Gen. Rafeel Eitan chief of staff A war criminal Lt. Gen. Rafeel Eitan chief of staff A war criminal Lt. Gen. Rafeel Eitan chief of staff A war criminal Ahron Zeevi A war criminal Ahron Zeevi A war criminal Ahron Zeevi A war criminal Ahron Zeevi A war criminal, Brig Gen Jonathan LockerHead of IAF A war criminal, Brig Gen Jonathan LockerHead of IAF A war criminal, Brig Gen Jonathan LockerHead of IAF A war criminal, Brig Gen Jonathan LockerHead of IAF, participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal, Brig Gen Jonathan LockerHead of IAF A war criminal, Brig. Gen. Ayal Eisenberg A war criminal, Brig. Gen. Ayal Eisenberg A war criminal, Brig. Gen. Ayal Eisenberg A war criminal, Brig. Gen. Ayal Eisenberg, participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal, Brig. Gen. Ayal Eisenberg A war criminal Colonel Ron Ashrov A war criminal Colonel Ron Ashrov A war criminal Colonel Ron Ashrov A war criminal, participated in "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Colonel Ron Ashrov A war criminal Hartzi Halevi during an IDF operation in Gaza A war criminal Hartzi Halevi during an IDF operation in Gaza A war criminal Hartzi Halevi during an IDF operation in Gaza A war criminal Paratrooper Brigade commander, participated during the operation "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Hartzi Halevi during an IDF operation in Gaza A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg a war criminal in the second war in Lebanon, and a war criminal in Gaza during the "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg A war criminal Major-General Yoav Galant A war criminal Major-General Yoav Galant A war criminal Major-General Yoav Galant Major-General Yoav Galant, southern command chief. He was the chief commander in charge of "Operation Cast Lead". He personally participated in the massacre against civilians in Gaza A war criminal Major-General Yoav Galant A war criminal Sho'alay Marom, Brigadier (res.). A war criminal Sho'alay Marom, Brigadier (res.). A war criminal Sho'alay Marom, Brigadier (res.). A war criminal Sho'alay Marom, Brigadier (res.), razed to the ground hundreds of houses in Rafah, and in Jabalia. A war criminal Sho'alay Marom, Brigadier (res.). A war criminal Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan, IAF Commander A war criminal Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan, IAF Commander A war criminal Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan, IAF Commander A war criminal Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan, Commander of Israeli air forces which lead all the operation of destruction with tons of phosphorus bombs during the operation "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan, IAF Commander A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg, a war criminal in the second war in Lebanon, and a war criminal in Gaza during the "Operation Cast Lead" in Gaza. A war criminal Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg Page: 1 ... 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Powered by Gallery v2.2 Theme - X_treme © 2007 - Kawther Salam (all rights reserved) Powered by Gallery (http://gallery.menalto.com/) with X_treme theme(for G2.2) by Pedro Gilberto (http://www.pedrogilberto.net) Kawther Salam Image Gallery IDF Terrorists IDF Spokesperson IDF Spokesperson Brigadier General Maharan Prosenfer Brigadier General Maharan Prosenfer Brigadier General Maharan Prosenfer Brigadier General Maharan Prosenfer War Criminal Colonel Itai Virov Colonel Itai Virov Colonel Itai Virov Colonel Itai Virov War criminal Gadi Eizenkot Gadi Eizenkot Gadi Eizenkot Gadi Eizenkot Golani Criminal Commander Yitzhak Gershon Yitzhak Gershon Yitzhak Gershon Yitzhak Gershon Former IDf central Command Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak Amnon Shahak2 Amnon Shahak2 Amnon Shahak2 Amnon Shahak2 Ashkenazi_terrorist Ashkenazi_terrorist Ashkenazi_terrorist Ashkenazi_terrorist Avi Dichter_Shabak Avi Dichter_Shabak Avi Dichter_Shabak Avi Dichter_Shabak ephraim_sneh_bbc ephraim_sneh_bbc ephraim_sneh_bbc ephraim_sneh_bbc ephraim_sneh_refdag ephraim_sneh_refdag ephraim_sneh_refdag ephraim_sneh_refdag IDF Maj. Gen. Itzhik Eitan1 IDF Maj. Gen. Itzhik Eitan1 IDF Maj. Gen. Itzhik Eitan1 IDF Maj. Gen. Itzhik Eitan1 Page: 1 ... 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Colonel Sholomo Ben Aryeh Colonel Sholomo Ben Aryeh Colonel Sholomo Ben Aryeh Colonel Sholomo Ben Aryeh Edom Formation Commander Brigadier General Yoel Strik Edom Formation Commander Brigadier General Yoel Strik Edom Formation Commander Brigadier General Yoel Strik Edom Formation Commander Brigadier General Yoel Strik Head of Israeli Border Police Head of Israeli Border Police Head of Israeli Border Police Head of Israeli Border Police Terrorist Maj Gen Yair Golan Maj Gen Yair Golan Maj Gen Yair Golan Maj Gen Yair Golan Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan New IAF Commander Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan New IAF Commander Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan New IAF Commander Maj. Gen. Ido Nehushtan New IAF Commander Major General Avi Mizrahi Major General Avi Mizrahi Major General Avi Mizrahi Major General Avi Mizrahi Major General Yitzhak Jerry Gershon Major General Yitzhak Jerry Gershon Major General Yitzhak Jerry Gershon Major General Yitzhak Jerry Gershon Rear Admiral Marom Rear Admiral Marom Rear Admiral Marom Rear Admiral Marom Dan Harel Dan Harel Dan Harel Dan Harel Colonel Yigal Slovik Colonel Yigal Slovik Colonel Yigal Slovik Colonel Yigal Slovik Colonel Yigal Slovik Colonel Ezra Duanias Colonel Ezra Duanias Colonel Ezra Duanias Colonel Ezra Duanias Colonel Ezra Duanias Berigadier general Amir Eshel Berigadier general Amir Eshel Berigadier general Amir Eshel Berigadier general Amir Eshel Amir Eshel

Bookmark and Share
posted by u2r2h at Wednesday, January 28, 2009 1 comments links to this post

Locations of visitors to this page Politics Blogs - Blog Top Sites